Helianthus spp.

  • sprouts are edible.

  • seeds can be eaten raw.

  • seeds can be dried, parched, ground lightly to break shells, and placed in water to separate shells from kernels.

  • shells can be roasted to make coffee substitute.

  • kernels can be ground into meal.

  • kernels can be boiled in water to make gruel.

  • kernels can be mixed with bone marrow or grease to make cakes.

  • crushed seeds can be boiled in water and oil collected by skimming surface.

  • varieties in the Pacific Northwest include Common sunflower (Helianthus annuus) and Prairie sunflower (Helianthus petiolaris).

  • grows in open sites and disturbed areas.

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